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10 Things to Consider When Moving to Spain
Tuesday, 22 September 2015

Are you planning to move to Chiclana de la Frontera?  What a good choice.  It is a lovely part of Spain, with so many different factors contributing to a very enjoyable and beneficial lifestyle.  Spain also offers many advantages from a financial point of view. 

Here is a general overview of the key financial considerations for UK nationals of relocating to Spain.  It is also useful for those already living here. 

 

1.Tax residency and obligations

 

You need to establish what makes you resident in Spain for tax purposes.  It is not just a matter of day counting. If you meet the residency criteria, then you are liable for Spanish tax on your worldwide income, gains and wealth, and subject to the Spanish succession tax rules.

 

You also need to understand the UK tax residence rules to make sure you do not inadvertently find you are resident in the UK for tax purposes - it is easier than you may think.

 

2.Your home

 

Your home is likely to be among your most important assets.  If you own property in the UK and/or in Spain, which do you sell, when and why? What is the best plan to limit or avoid UK or Spanish capital gains tax?  Appropriate, timely advice, will avoid common pitfalls.

 

3.Notifying the tax authorities

 

If you have not yet left the UK, advise HM Revenue & Customs of your departure date on Form P85 (available from local tax offices or www.hmrc.gov.uk). 

 

You then need to make yourself known to the Spanish tax authorities and submit income tax returns each year.

 

4.Structuring your assets to minimise tax

 

Spanish taxpayers have had a particularly high tax burden over recent years, though they have improved a little in 2015. The top income tax rate is between 44% and 48%, depending on where in Spain you live - in Andalucía it is 48%.

 

With specialist advice you can structure savings and investments to be tax efficient in Spain.

 

Do not presume that what was tax efficient in the UK is tax efficient in Spain.  You will probably need to vary existing arrangements with those designed for Spanish residents. 

 

5.Bank accounts

 

If you retain any UK bank accounts, the bank interest will be taxable as a Spanish resident.  To receive UK bank interest gross you can usually submit Form R105 to your UK bank. 

 

6.Currency

 

Many British expatriates keep their savings and investments in Sterling.  This puts income at the mercy of exchange rate fluctuations.  A sensible rule of thumb is to match your assets to your liabilities, so if your long-term spending will be in Euros you should consider holding an appropriate amount of your assets in Euros to reduce currency risk. 

 

If you may return to the UK in the future, it is often wise to have diversification in your assets, including currencies.

 

7.Pensions

 

There are usually ways to improve your private pension arrangements to make them work better for you when living here.  It is vital that you receive specialist advice before you take any pension decisions.  There are various options for your UK pension funds, and each has different implications for your long-term income and the tax payable.

 

8.Inflation and your long-term security

 

Inflation will reduce the spending power of your savings over your retirement years. It is essential that you take action now to protect your wealth in real terms, so that you can enjoy the standard of living you are used to throughout retirement. 

 

9.Investments

 

Your investment strategy should be specifically designed around your circumstances and objectives.  Having moved to a new country, you now need to review your strategy to see if it needs to be adjusted for your new life in Spain.  

 

10.Estate planning 

 

It is important to review your estate planning when you move to a new country.  Your estate planning arrangements need to take both Spanish and UK succession law and tax into account. Ensuring that assets pass to the right beneficiaries at the right time, with the minimum of administration or taxation, can be a complicated process. It is important to undertake a succession planning health check, with help of a specialist wealth manager. 

 

Taking advice from a professional tax planning and wealth management specialist is invaluable.  It is the only way you can be sure that you have not overlooked anything, and that you have established what all your options are and how suitable they are for you. 

 

Tax rates, scope and reliefs may change.  Any statements concerning taxation are based upon our understanding of current taxation laws and practices which are subject to change.  Tax information has been summarised; an individual should take personalised advice.

 

David Bowern, Partner, Blevins Franks
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Tel: 952 809 212

 

 

Learn more about Blevins Franks.  

 

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